Jarabacoa belongs to South Cibao Region and the Province of La Vega. Currently, Jarabacoa is the second city of importance in terms of number of inhabitants of this province. The municipality has a land area of 690.53 km2. The geographical boundaries are: north La Vega; south Constance; east Monseñor Nouel and west Jánico and Santiago.

Geographically, Jarabacoa is located northeast of the Central Cordillera, with its urban center in a intermountain valley of 23 km2 about 530 meters above sea level and its territory as an organized area occupies approximately 70% of the watershed area Alto Yaque del Norte. In this sense, its geography is dominated by hills and the mountains, with steep slopes and vegetation typical of temperate rainforest.

According to tradition, the name of the current municipality of Jarabacoa comes from the Taíno language, meaning "place where water flows", since before the arrival of the Spaniards to the island Jarabacoa was inhabited by the Taino Indians who harbored in proximity to the Yaque del Norte, Jimenoa, Baiguate and Guanajuma rivers.

Its climate is humid tropical type, determined by the vertical gradient thermowell, being altitudinal or mountain with an average annual rainfall of over 1500 mm, and annual average temperature of 21.8ºC. Tourism is the line with the greatest potential for economic development of the municipality.

This scenario is strengthened by the growth of alternative tourism options for all types of visitors, foreign and / or local, with an extensive range of options for relaxation, adventure, interest in biodiversity which houses its territory.

For its natural attractions, traditions and cultural values and tourism service infrastructure, Jarabacoa is placed on the world map of adventure tourism.

The main activities are attractive for tourists are: river-rafting, canyoning, cascading, mountain biking, four wheels, all terrain vehicles, horseback riding, paragliding, hiking, horses competitions, among others.

In addition, this type of activity is complemented with offerings from local crafts, landscape painting, typical local food and other cultural events.

Some foreign tourists visit Jarabacoa interested in studying the flora and fauna, especially migratory birds and butterflies.

In the area is located the most important route of the Antilles mountaineering route to Pico Duarte, highest peak in the Caribbean islands, 3,175 meters above sea level, located in the Armando Bermudez National Park, where there are also two peaks with higher heights at three thousand meters: La Pelona with 3082m and the Rucilla with 3045m.

There are also mountain valleys with temperatures below zero: Macutico at 2004 meters and Bao at 1800 meters.

Pico Duarte is visited annually by thousands of people national and foreign, favoring the local economy with the integration of tour guides and providing shuttle service mounts.

Furthermore, southeast of the municipality of Jarabacoa is located the Scientific Reserve Ebano Verde, in a cloud forest with high biodiversity with endemic species such as the Green Ebony, high-value timber especies and carnivorous plants.

This reserve is managed by the Progressio Foundation, with a major research program, species conservation, lands acquisition in order to integrate them the reserve and a creative and innovative ecotourism component.

Crops in the municipality, both in the valley and in the mountains, are: coffee, flowers, strawberries and others become an excellent offer agrotourism recently started their exploitation.